the second division of the Buddhist Tipitaka, consist of more than 10,000
of all the discourses delivered by the Buddha on various occasions.
The discourses were expounded to suit different occasions,
persons with different temperaments.
It is not only meant for the spiritual
progress of the bhikkhus,
it also deal with the material and moral progress
of the lay disciples.
The Suttanta Pitaka is divided
into five separate collections known as Nikayas.
1. Digha Nikaya
Collection of Long Discourses of the Buddha.
which consists of 34 suttas, including the well-known
Mahasatipatthana Sutta (The Greater Discourse on the Four Foundations of
Mindfulness), the Samaññaphala Sutta (The Fruits of the Homeless
Life), the Mahaparinibbana Sutta (The Buddha's Last Days), and many others.
Collection of Medium Length Discourses of
which consists of 152 suttas of varying length,
including the Satipatthana Sutta (The Four Foundations of Mindfulness),
the Anapanasati Sutta (Mindfulness of Breathing) the Sabbasava Sutta (All
the Taints), the Angulimala Sutta (The Story of Angulimala), and many more.
Collection of the Kindred Sayings
Also named the "Grouped" Discourses, which consists
of 2,889 shorter suttas grouped together by theme into 56 samyuttas
A Collection of Gradual Sayings
Or the "Further-factored" Discourses , which
consists of 8,777 short suttas, grouped together into eleven nipatas according
to the number of items of Dhamma covered in each sutta. For example, the
Eka-nipata ("Book of the Ones") contains suttas about a single item of
Dhamma; the Duka-nipata ("Book of the Twos") contains suttas dealing with
two items of Dhamma, etc.
The Smaller Collection
Consisting of 15 "books" (17 in the Thai edition;
18 in the Burmese), including the Dhammapada, Therigatha (Verses of the
Elder Nuns), Theragatha (Verses of the Elder Monks), Sutta Nipata, Jataka